How often, in your local gourmet coffee shop, do you ask for a cappuccino or a latte without even thinking about it? There are so many more ways to enjoy your favourite coffee – and you may not even have heard of them yet! As for others, I’m sure you’ve seen the words on the menu board, but do you really know what they are? So, being the helpful chaps we strive to be, we’ve put together a ‘Glossary of Terms’ to help get you started ….
The BestCuppa guide to reading a coffee menu. What is …
What is an AFFOGATO?
Affogato is a coffee-based beverage/dessert taking the form of a scoop of vanilla ice cream topped with a shot of hot espresso (other flavours may be used).
What is an AMERICANO?
Americano is a style of coffee prepared by adding hot water to a single or double espresso shot, giving a similar strength but different flavour from drip prepared coffee. The strength and size of the Americano will vary with the number of shots of espresso and the amount of water added. The crema layer is not usually preserved. Can be produced using lighter roast beans from Ethiopia or Sumatra instead of darker roast espresso coffee. It can also be served as an iced version.
What is a CAFÉ CON LECHE or CAFÉ AU LAIT
Café con leche (Spain) or café au lait (France) is a coffee drink consisting of strong coffee (possibly espresso) mixed with scalded milk in approximately a 1:1 ratio. Sugar or a pinch of salt are then added to the drink according to taste. This coffee drink is popular across Europe and has many different names, but it is distinct from a latte.
What is a CAFFÉ LATTE (LATTE)?
Caffé latte (latte) is a hot coffee and milk drink that is typically prepared with around ⅓ espresso and ⅔ steamed milk, with an added layer of foamed milk approximately 0.5–1 cm thick on the top (the latte can contain up to 1:1 espresso to steamed milk depending upon taste preference).
What is a CAPPUCCINO?
Cappuccino consists of ⅓ espresso, ⅓ steamed milk and ⅓ milk foam. The texture and temperature of the milk and the foam is very important. The steamed the milk is part converted into a micro-foam with tiny bubbles of air in the milk, giving it a smooth velvety texture and sweetness. Traditional cappuccino contains an espresso shot, over which the barista pours hot foamed milk to give a 2 cm thick milk foam on the top of the drink.
What is a CAPPUCCINO CHIARO?
Cappuccino chiaro (white cappuccino or wet cappuccino) has more milk than normal.
What is a CAPPUCCINO FREDO?
Cappuccino Fredo is a cold cappuccino drink made with two shots of sweetened espresso over ice and topped up with foamed milk.
What is a CAPPUCCINO SCURO?
Cappuccino scuro (dark cappuccino or dry cappuccino) has less milk (and typically more foam) than normal.
What is a CORTADO?
Cortado is an espresso diluted with a small amount of warm milk to reduce the acidity. The ratio of milk to coffee is about1:1–1:2 and the milk is added after the espresso. This is a longer drink than the espresso machiatto and is served in a 7 oz glass with little or no foam. Variants of the drink also use cream or condensed milk.
What is an ESPRESSO?
Espresso is a concentrated coffee drink that is brewed by forcing hot water under pressure through a specially prepared finely ground coffee. This has a thicker consistency than coffee prepared by other methods and also has a hazel brown foam on the top called the crema layer. The pressure brewing process captures more caffeine (2–3 times more) and flavours than other coffee brewing methods. The single espresso shot is typically a one ounce (30 ml) drink served in a small cup or glass. Variations on this are the DOUBLE ESPRESSO (doppio) (double strength) or TRIPLE ESPRESSO for those who need the extra caffeine kick.
What is an ESPRESSO CORRETTO?
Espresso Corretto (corrected) is a single espresso with an addition of a small splash of grappa or brandy (liqueur of choice).
What is an ESPRESSO MACCHIATO or CAFFÉ MACCHIATO?
An espresso macchiato or caffé macchiato is a single espresso with a small amount of hot, foamed milk (typically a teaspoon full) ‘marking’ the top.
What is a FLAT WHITE?
Flat White is a latte variant popular in Australia and New Zealand served in a smaller ceramic cup with the creamy steamed milk poured over an espresso single shot, with the lighter froth held back. Defined as: An antipodean-style coffee which is served as a strong shot of espresso served in a small cup with textured milk; a damn good strong coffee.
What is a LATTE MACCHIATO?
Latte macchiato (marked milk) is a milk-based drink where the steamed white milk is ‘stained’ by the addition of ½ a shot of espresso. The top of the drink is marked by a brown spot of crema to distinguish it from a normal latte. The difference between this and the caffé latte is that less espresso is used. The latte macchiato is mainly milk.
What is a LONG BLACK?
This is a well-known drink in Australia and New Zealand and is made by adding espresso to 30–60 ml (1–2 fl oz) hot water, retaining the crema layer.
What is a LUNGO?
This is a black coffee produced by extracting espresso coffee for longer. This gives additional volume to the drink but will also carry over some bitter flavour elements from the coffee.
What is a MOCHA?
Mocha is a variant of a latte with ⅓ espresso and ⅔ steamed milk. In addition the drink contains chocolate in the form of sweet cocoa powder or chocolate syrup (dark, white or milk chocolate, or a mixture). There is not usually any milk froth on top but the drink can be dressed with whipped cream and marshmallows and dusted with cinnamon or cocoa powder. Mocha can also refer to a specific type of coffee bean with a slight chocolate flavour grown in Ethiopia.
What is a PICCOLO CAFE LATTE (Piccolo)?
Piccolo Cafe Latte (Piccolo) (Australian) is a single espresso shot in a machiatto glass, which is then filled with steamed milk in the same way as a caffé latte to give a 3 oz drink, with a 1:2 ratio of coffee to steamed milk, and about 0.5 cm of foam on the top.
What is a RED EYE?
Red eye is a filter coffee to which a single espresso shot has been added to give much higher caffeine content. Variants of this include a BLACK EYE, which is a filter coffee with two espresso shots added and a DEAD EYE, which is a filter coffee with three espresso shots added.
What is a RISTRETTO?
Ristretto (corto) is a special short shot of coffee similar to an espresso but produced in a modified way to capture the true coffee essence. The ristretto shot is produced with a reduced volume of water and the extraction process is much shorter. This has the effect that much less caffeine is extracted and much more of the flavour oil components of the brew come through. Ristretto must only be produced using very high quality coffee and by a skilled Barista. Production involves a finer grind of coffee, shortening extraction time and tamping the coffee down much firmer in the group. A typical ristretto is less than 0.75 ounce and takes around 20–25 seconds to extract.
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